Practical applications of the use of nuclear energy to generate electricity are given on the Nuclear Energy - The Practice page The diagram above shows a representation of the constituents of an atom using Lithium as an example.The Lithium atom has three electrons occupying 2 energy levels and three protons giving it an atomic number Z = 3 .In the chemical reactions associated with combustion, the atoms in the molecules of the active materials rearrange themselves into new, more stable, molecules in which they are more tightly bound and in the process, releasing surplus energy in the form of heat.In nuclear reactions it is the sub-atomic particles in the atomic nucleus, the protons and neutrons, which rearrange themselves to form new elements or isotopes with more stable nuclei.Scientists have spent decades measuring what was happening to all of the carbon dioxide that was produced when people burned coal, oil and natural gas.They established that less than half of the gas was remaining in the atmosphere and warming the planet.
The summit in Austin was titled: “At the Crossroads: Energy & Climate Policy Summit.” Climate Scientist Dr. Sloan Professor of Meteorology at the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences at MIT, derided what he termed climate “catastrophism.” “Demonization of CO2 is irrational at best and even modest warming is mostly beneficial,” Lindzen said. “We are speaking of small changes 0.25 Celsius would be about 51% of the recent warming and that strongly suggests a low and inconsequential climate sensitivity – meaning no problem at all,” Lindzen explained.That raises a conundrum: If the amount of the gas that people are putting out has stopped rising, how can the amount that stays in the air be going up faster than ever?Does it mean the natural sponges that have been absorbing carbon dioxide are now changing? Canadell, an Australian climate scientist who runs the Global Carbon Project, a collaboration among several countries to monitor emissions trends.Too many or too few neutrons may make the nucleus liable to decay. Electron or beta decay is the basis of radiocarbon dating when the radiocarbon isotope of Carbon is transmuted into Nitrogen by beta decay. It is positron decay which initiates the Sun's nuclear fusion.A Hydrogen atom (proton) is transformed into a neutron which then fuses with another Hydrogen atom under the Sun's conditions of extreme temperature and pressure to form Deuterium an isotope of Hydrogen.